Writing can be daunting sometimes, especially thinking of correct grammatical structures. Use these sentences to improve your writing.
1. Simple Sentences
A simple sentence is one clause with a subject and verb.
Computers are important in the modern world.
Formula = SV
However, it can have more than one subject and verb:
Computers and other technological devices are important in the modern world.
Formula = SSV
I search for information and play games on my computer.
Formula = SVV
2 subject and 2 verbs:
My brother and I search for information and play games on our computers.
Formula = SSVV
2. Compound Sentences
A compound sentence consists of 2 or 3 clauses. It is when simple sentences are joined together.
In this sentence structure, the clauses are joined with the following coordinating conjunctions:
The word 'fanboys' is an easy way to remember the different conjunctions that make up compound sentences. Obviously the most common are 'and', 'but', 'or' and 'so'.
Here are some examples of compound sentence structure:
Computers are important, but they can be dangerous too.
Formula = SV but SV
Computers are important, but they can be dangerous too, so we must be careful.
Formula = SV but SV so SV.
Avoid writing too many clauses as the sentence may get difficult to follow, and you cannot use each one more than once in a sentence to join clauses.
This is wrong:
Computers are used widely in most countries now, and they are a sign of progress, and we must ensure everyone has access to them.
Incorrect formula = SV and SV and SV. X
Two possible corrected versions:
Computers are used widely in most countries now, and they are a sign of progress. We must ensure everyone has access to them.
Formula = SV and SV. SV.
Computers are used widely in most countries now, and they are a sign of progress, so must ensure everyone has access to them.
Formula = SV and SV so SV.
There is an instance when you can have a compound sentence structure without a coordinating conjunction, and this is when you join two clauses with a semicolon. It is used when two ideas are related.
Computers are used widely in most countries; they are a sign of progress.
3. Complex Sentences
Complex sentences are more complicated (which is maybe why they are called 'complex'!).
This type of sentence structure is important for IELTS because to get awarded a band 6 or higher for your 'grammatical range and accuracy', you need to demonstrate that you are able to use them.
The more varied and the more accurate your complex sentences are, the higher the band score for this.
There are different types of complex sentences and these will be looked at in more detail later, so here you are just provided with the basics.
Complex sentences are two (or more) clauses joined together, but they are not joined by 'fanboys' (coordinating conjunctions). They are joined by subordinating conjunctions.
These are subordinating conjunctions:
after although as as if as long as as much as as soon as as though because before
even if even though if in order to in case once since so that that though
unless until when whenever whereas where wherever while
People take natural health supplements even though they may not have been tested.
Our children may not be properly educated if we don't spend more on schools.
I went to bed as soon as he left because I was tired.
These are all adverbial clauses. In these types of complex sentences, the second clause can be used to start the sentence.
In this case, a comma is needed in the middle.
Even though they may not have been tested, people take natural health supplements.
If we don't spend more on schools, our children may not be properly educated.
As soon as he left, I went to bed because I was tired.
4. Compound-Complex Sentences
Compound-complex sentences are the same as complex sentences but they also have a simple (or compound) sentence before or after the 'complex' part.
I ate a lot when Ibut I got home, butI was still hungry.
The part that is underlined is the complex sentence. As you can see, it also has a simple sentence connected to it. It can also have a full compound sentence attached to it:
I ate a lot when I got home, but I was still hungry, so I went shopping to buy some more food.
These are compound-complex sentences.
I hope these sentence structures will help you improve your writing. Let me know what you think and feel free to share this article.